Training entrepreneurs for water in Lundazi & Chasefu

In April & May 2019, a very enthusiast and assorted group of 4 welders and 8 drillers has been trained in Lundazi, Zambia. The 12 participants were selected in several steps from a pool of 45 candidates. After interviews and visits to workshops, we pre-selected 24 existing small scale entrepreneurs who all received a three day business training. In these small group trainings, Jacana had the opportunity to get to know them better, which gave us the chance to selected the 12 most serious and motivated people.

Training Drill Set Production

Training Drill Set Production


The welders received a three weeks training in the production of several drilling tools and rope pumps from trainers Henk Holtslag and Tanzaniaan James Mkataba with the assistance of future trainer Gideon Phiri from Zambia. Next to making drill equipment and pumps, the welders also learned pump installation on existing wells.
After the training each received a jig-set so each pump is made exactly the same and spare parts can be exchanged easily. Right after training each welder made 5 pumps in his own workshop. The curiosity of people passing by is great. Soon the welders will get a working pump on a borehole at their shop so customers can experience the product.

Lundazi pump producers

From left to right: Trainers: Gideon, James. Participants: Gibson, Joshua, Masiye, Sankhani


Bester Drilling

Bester Drilling

The drillers received a three weeks training in borehole drilling methods (Mzuzu en SHIPO drilling) facilitated by our own Zambiaanse trainers Moses Banda and Hastings Mbewe who were supervised by the experienced trainer Laban Kaduma from Tanzania. Next to drilling the participants also learned pump installation and how to build ground water recharge and rainwater harvesting systems.
After the daily hour of theory where the Zambian teachers explained about geology, site selection, water quality and drilling and installation techniques, the participants spent the rest of the day practicing by doing. Also manager Bester was not afraid of the muddy and hard work. There is a hand dug well close to our Lundazi office, where training was executed. Water in this well is less than 2 meters deep. However when the trained teams drilled their first boreholes, instead of water the they found extreme hard quarts stone up to 5 meters deep. Our standard drilling equipment was put to the test and failed to break the rock. Thanks to creative ideas from the newly trained welders, the quarts layer could be broken and as a reward ground water came up under pressure to 3 meters. If you want to know more about the improvement of the equipment, request our free manuals at


Quarts stone, a worn drill bit and an improved drill bit

Representatives from the Ministry of Water (WARMA) came all the way from Lusaka (more than a day drive) to explain the legal procedures about borehole drilling and to officially welcome the newly trained drillers to the protected profession of qualified borehole drillers.
After training the teams started drilling at their own houses to get more experience before they will start drilling for paying customers. There is great interest and Jacana regularly receives questions from people from other districts about whether we can do this with them. But we have only just started in Lundazi and Chasefu: quality monitoring, creating a market for these new products and guiding the trained entrepreneurs in the practical management of their companies are starting now and it takes some time. All sorts of unexpected problems will come to the teams in the near future and Jacana will assist them so that they will ultimately become solid sustainable companies.

Lundazi Drillers

Lundazi drillers: Morgan, Ackson, Lyford, Phaniso, Nash, Brighton, Vinious, Biggie, Mabvuto
Trainers: Moses, Hastings, Laban, WARMA: Emanuel, Peter

Zambian trainers

Moses Banda, Hastings Mbewe and Gideon Phiri did very well and we are convinced that these Zambian trainers can facilitate an upcoming training. Thanks guys!

Jacana opens a new office in Lundazi

Eastern province, Zambia

Eastern province, Zambia

We are starting a new three-year water project, sponsored by Marie-Stella-Maris, and a lot is involved.
Basically it will be a copy-paste story and it should be easy with the experience we have gained in Chipata, but we can’t get away with it that easily. The bridge to Lundazi has collapsed and it takes us an extra hour of bumping along a sandy road to get there. We are dealing with two districts, Lundazi and Chasefu, some 187 km from Chipata. Chasefu is still a young district and was part of the Lundazi district until 2018. Two districts means two local authorities, two district water authorities, two Chiefs, two project areas and so on.

Construing training workshop

Construing training workshop

We have decided to open our new office in Lundazi “town”. Lundazi is the center of the two districts. It has around 20,000 inhabitants, but is expanding rapidly.
After a short search, we found two small houses on a fairly large walled plot close to the center of Lundazi town. One house serves as an office and the other serves as Jacana’s base for staff. At the moment we are building a simple structure on site, where we will provide the three-week technical training and possibly other training courses later. There is also enough space to manually drill boreholes during training.


Jacana Lundazi office
Potential pump producers in Lundazi

Potential pump producers in Lundazi

Before we started, we introduced the program to the local authorities and they approved. Everyone we speak to is very enthusiastic and extremely helpful because water is a serious problem in this area.

In the month of February we started looking for drillers and welders. Interviews were held with 13 welders and 31 drillers. Everyone was asked about the motivation and how they think they can expand their existing business with the new knowledge they will gain in business and technical training. In the end, 12 welders and 13 drillers were invited for the three-day business, financial and marketing training.

This training was given in the first three weeks of March by our local trainers Bester and Pious. During the training the most promising and motivated drillers and welders were chosen for the technical training.

Potential manual borehole drillers in Lundazi

Potential manual borehole drillers in Lundazi

The technical training starts on 15 April
with the training of 4 welders. Henk Holtslag from the Netherlands will train them in the first week how to make drill sets. After that they will be trained by Brighton Kaniki from Malawi in how to produce rope pumps. During these two or three weeks, Gideon Phiri from Chipata, will be trained as a trainer in producing drilling sets and rope pumps.

The training of 8 drillers in manual drilling of boreholes according to the SHIPO and Mzuzu method starts on 23 April. They use the drill sets made by the local welders a week earlier. Hastings Mbewe and Moses Banda from Chipata will provide the training under the supervision of Laban Kaduma from Tanzania.
After this technical training, Jacana hopes that the three potential technical trainers from Chipata are experienced enough to independently provide training in the future.
After the training, the drillers and welders can work under the supervision of experienced drillers and a welder from Chipata. Boreholes will be drilled and pumps installed at the workshops of the welders and the houses of the drillers. These will serve as promotional material to attract customers.
In Lundazi we also want to start working on Self-supply, so that customers can go directly to the welders and/or drillers for a borehole with pump. But we are not there yet, first we want to train the welders and the drillers and introduce the project in the two project areas Katandala and Kasongolo and make a start with the Show case area. More about that in a later newsletter.

Jacana Business Empowerment HQ, Chipata, Moth extension, Zambia

  Jacana Business Empowerment office at: -15°01’53.2″South  and  28°12’19.5″East  

Jacana Business Empowerment, Lundazi oposite FRA scheds, Zambia


Jacana Business Empowerment Lundazi office

at: -12°17’43.2″ South  and  33°10’49.5″ East

WaterAid and Jacana work together on SDG6.1

WaterAidWaterAid Zambia and Jacana signed a Memorandum of Understanding for five years. Both parties foresee challenges realising Sustainable Development Goal 6.1 by 2030, achieve universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all.
The biggest problem for Zambia will be to provide water for everybody, also people living in small communities. Zambia is sparsely populated (average 23 people/km²). Until now Government and many NGO’s use machine drilled boreholes with India Mark2 community pumps. This approach was designed for 250 users in a radius of 500 m (250 people/0.78 km² = 318 people/km²). The costs per water user in the community of for example 100 users is 180$ and for communities of 50 users the costs is 380$ per user for this conventional approach. Which donor would be willing to pay that? More important: which small community will be able to maintain these expensive solutions?

Zambia population density
Zambia is not the only sparsely populated country in Africa.

Zambia is not the only sparsely populated country in Africa. The images show number of people per km².

What should we do: leave those people behind without safe water? Or are we looking for other options?

Jacana and WaterAid will research alternative options to reach everybody in Zambia.

We will be looking at a practical mix of Self-supply, more affordable solutions, different ownership models and combining water with income generation. Self-supply means that families buy their own water source without interference from Government or NGO’s.

Suitability for manual drilling

Jacana worked for the last two years in Chipata District and trained manual drillers and local pump manufacturers, this is called SMART water solutions. SMART stands for Simple Market based Affordable Repairable Technologies. At this moment, 112 families in Zambia have their own affordable borehole with rope pump made by 18 local entrepreneurs. These private owned pumps not only provide water for their households, on average each pump also serves 10 families in the neighbourhood. Water is a resource that is shared free of cost. Manual drilling of boreholes is possible in 90% of Zambia. In fact, SMART manual drillers receive requests from all over Zambia and have already been drilling successfully in several corners of the country.

WaterAid and Jacana understand that not every family in Zambia can afford a borehole with a pump. Together we investigate ways to reach families with limited budget. For example, Zambian Government already gives out subsidies for fertilizer to small scale rural farmers. This is the exact same target group. Maybe in future a similar subsidy could be established for affordable water solutions? Together with WaterAid, Jacana will look into this and other options.

Newsletter archive




Media Archive

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